Ages Primary
Trust vs. Mistrust Birth to 18 months Mother Feeding The infant must form a first loving, trusting relationship with the caregiver, or develop a sense of mistrust.
Autonomy vs.
18 months
to 3 years
Parents Toilet
The child's energies are directed toward the development of physical skills, including walking, grasping. The child learns control but may develop shame and doubt if not handled well.
Initiative vs.
3 to 6 years Family Independence The child continues to become more assertive and to take more initiative, but may be too forceful, leading to guilt feelings.
Industry vs. Inferiority 6 to 12 years Neighborhood/School Friends School The child must deal with demands to learn new skills or risk a sense of inferiority,failure and incompetence.
Identity vs.
Role Confusion
adolescence Same-age peers Peer relationships The teenager must achieve a sense of identity in occupation, sex roles, politics, etc.
Intimacy vs.
early adulthood Committed relationship Love relationships The young adult must develop intimate relationships or suffer feelings of isolation.
Generativity vs. Stagnation middle adulthood Own family Parenting Each adult must find some way to satisfy and support the next generation.
Integrity vs. Despair 65 to death Self Reflection on and acceptance of one's life The culmination is a sense of oneself as one is and of feeling fulfilled.