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Research: Sports-Related Concussion

Articles: (.PDF)
Test performance and test re-test reliability of the Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) and King-Devick (K-D) test in adolescent athletes during a competitive sport season.
 Worts P, Schatz P, Burkhart S. (2018). American Journal of Sports Medicine, 46(8), 2004-2010.

Prospective study of changes in vestibular and ocular motor symptoms and impairment following concussion in high school athletes.
 Elbin RJ, Sufrinko A, Anderson MN, Schatz P, Covassin T, Mucha T, Collins MW, Kontos AP. (2018). Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy, 42(3), 142-148.

The stability of engagement over comprehensive neuropsychological assessment in student athletes diagnosed with sports related concussion.
 Chase D, Smyk N, Schatz P, Franks R. (2018). Developmental Neuropsychology, 43(4), 345-355.

Gender differences in symptom reporting on baseline sport concussion testing across the youth age span.
 Moser RS, Olek, L, Schatz P. (2018). Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology. DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy007. [Epub ahead of print]

The age variable in childhood concussion management: A systematic review.
 Moser RS, Davis G, Schatz P. (2018). Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 33(4), 417-426.

Effort, and perceived utility of the ImPACT assessment in college athletes.
 Schatz P, Elbin RJ, Anderson MN, Savage J, Covassin T. (2017). Sport, Exercise, and Performance, 6(3), 243251

Two-year test-retest reliability in high school athletes using the four- and two-factor ImPACT composite structures: The effects of learning disorders and headache/migraine treatment history.
 Brett BL, Solomon GS, Hill J, Schatz P. (2017). Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 33(2), 216-226.

Increased symptom reporting in young athletes based on history of previous concussions.
 Moser RS, Schatz P (2017). Developmental Neuropsychology, 42(4), 276-283.

What is the difference in concussion management in children as compared to adults? A systematic review.
 Davis G, Anderson V, Babl FE, Gioia GA, Giza CC, Meehan W, Moser RS, Purcell L, Schatz P, Schneider KJ, Takagi M, Yeates KO, Zemek R. (2017). Br J Sports Med. Online First: 28 April 2017. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-097415

Gender differences in cognitive deficits and symptom reporting among acutely concussed high school lacrosse players.
 Sandel N, Schatz P, Goldberg K, Lazar M. (2017). Am J Sports Med, 45(4), 937944.

One-year test-retest reliability of neurocognitive baseline scores in 10-12 year olds.
 Moser RS, Schatz P, Kollias K, Grossner E. (2017). Applied Neuropsychology: Child, 6(2):166-171.

Factor structure of ImPACT in adolescent student athletes.
 Gerrard PB, Iverson GL, Atkins JE, Maxwell BA, Zafonte R, Schatz P, Berkner PD. (2017). Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 32(1), 117-122.

Removal from play after concussion and recovery time.
 Elbin RJ, Sufrinko A, Schatz P, French J, Collins M, Kontos A. (2016). Pediatrics, 138(3), e20160910

Long-term stability and reliability of baseline cognitive assessments in high school athletes using ImPACT at 1-, 2-, and 3-year test-retest intervals.
 Brett BL, Smyk N, Solomon G, Baughman BC, Schatz P. (2016). Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 31(8), 904-914.

Test-retest reliability of computerized neurocognitive testing in youth ice hockey players.
 Womble M, Shah KM, Schatz P, Reynolds E, Kontos AP. (2016). Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 31(4), 305-312.

Cognitive development and the Immediate Postconcussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing: A case for separate norms in preadolescents.
 Reynolds E, Fazio VC, Sandel N, Schatz P, Henry LC. (2016). Applied Neuropsychology: Child, 5(4), 283-293.

Assessing symptoms in adolescents following sport-related concussion: A comparison of four different approaches.
 Elbin RJ, Knox J, Kegel N, Schatz P, Lowder H, French J, Burkhart S, Collins M, Kontos A. (2016). Applied Neuropsychology: Child, 5(4), 294-302.

Utility of the ImPACT test with deaf adolescents.
 Reesman J, Pineda J, Carver J, Brice PJ, Zabel TA, Schatz P. (2016). Clin Neuropsychol, 30(2):318-27.

Influence of language of administration on ImPACT performance by bilingual Spanish-English college students.
 Lehman Blake M, Ott S, Villanyi E, Kazhuro K, Schatz P. (2015). Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 30(4), 302-9.

A preliminary examination of neurocognitive performance and symptoms following a bout of soccer heading in athletes wearing protective soccer headbands.
 Elbin RJ, Beatty A, Covassin T, Schatz P, Hydeman A, Kontos AP. (2015). Res Sports Med. 23(2), 203-14.

Validating the accuracy of reaction time assessment on computer-based tablet devices.
 Schatz P, Ybarra V, Leitner D. (2015). Assessment, 22(4), 405-10.

Advanced topics in neuropsychological assessment following sport-related concussion.
 Iverson GL, Schatz P. (2015). Brain Inj, 29(2), 263-75.

Examining prescribed rest as treatment for adolescents who are slow to recover from concussion.
 Moser RS, Schatz P, Glenn M, Kollias KE, Iverson GL. (2015). Brain Inj, 29(1), 58-63.

The importance of proper administration and interpretation of neuropsychological baseline and postconcussion computerized testing.
 Moser RS, Schatz P, Lichtenstein JD. (2015). Appl Neuropsychol Child, 4(1), 41-8.

An empirical review of treatment and rehabilitation approaches used in the acute, sub-acute, and chronic phases of recovery following sports-related concussion.
 Elbin RJ, Schatz P, Lowder HB, Kontos AP. (2014). Curr Treat Options Neurol, 16(11), 320.

Comparing post-concussive neurocognitive test data to normative data presents risks for under-classifying "above average" athletes.
 Schatz P, Robertshaw S. (2014). Arch Clin Neuropsychol, 29(7), 625-32.

Utility of repeated assessment after invalid baseline neurocognitive test performance.
 Schatz P, Kelley T, Ott SD, Solomon GS, Elbin RJ, Higgins K, Moser RS. (2014). J Athl Train, 49(5), 659-64.

Examination of the test-retest reliability of a computerized neurocognitive test battery.
 Nakayama Y, Covassin T, Schatz P, Nogle S, Kovan J. (2014). Am J Sports Med, 42(8), 2000-5.

Neurocognitive performance and symptom profiles of Spanish-speaking Hispanic athletes on the ImPACT test.
 Ott S, Schatz P, Solomon G, Ryan JJ. (2014). Arch Clin Neuropsychol, 29(2), 152-63.

Age and test setting affect the prevalence of invalid baseline scores on neurocognitive tests.
 Lichtenstein JD, Moser RS, Schatz P. (2014). Am J Sports Med, 42(2):479-84.

A two-factor theory for concussion assessment using ImPACT: memory and speed.
 Schatz P, Maerlender A. (2013). Arch Clin Neuropsychol, 28(8):791-7.

One-month test-retest reliability of the ImPACT test battery.
 Schatz P, Ferris CS. (2013). Arch Clin Neuropsychol, 28(5):499-504.

Individual and combined effects of LD and ADHD on computerized neurocognitive concussion test performance: evidence for separate norms.
 Elbin RJ, Kontos AP, Kegel N, Johnson E, Burkhart S, Schatz P. (2013). Arch Clin Neuropsychol, 28(5):476-84.

"Sandbagging" Baseline Test Performance on ImPACT, Without Detection, Is More Difficult than It Appears.
 Schatz P, Glatts C. (2013). Arch Clin Neuropsychol, 28(4), 236-244,

Sensitivity and specificity of the online version of ImPACT in high school and collegiate athletes.
 Schatz P, Sandel N. (2012). Am J Sports Med, 41(2), 321-326.

Efficacy of immediate and delayed cognitive and physical rest for treatment of sports-related concussion.
 Moser RS, Glatts C, Schatz P. (2012). J Pediatrics, 161(5), 922-926.

Incidence of invalid computerized baseline neurocognitive test results in high school and college students.
 Schatz P, Moser RS, Solomon GS, Ott SD, Karpf R. (2012). Journal of Athletic Training, 47(3), 298-305.

One-year test-retest reliability of the online version of ImPACT in high school athletes.
 Elbin RJ, Schatz P, Covassin T. (2011). Am J Sports Med, 39, 2319-24.

Group vs. individual administration affects baseline neurocognitive test performance.
 Moser RS, Schatz P, Neidzwski K, Ott S. (2011). Am J Sports Med, 39, 2325-30.

Current issues in pediatric sports concussion.
 Schatz P, Moser RS. (2011), The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 25, 1042-57.

Early indicators of enduring symptoms in high school athletes with multiple previous concussions.
 Schatz P, Moser RS, Covassin T, Karpf R. (2011), Neurosurgery, 68, 1562-67.

Relationship between subjective test feedback provided by high-school athletes during computer-based assessment of baseline cognitive functioning and self-reported symptoms.
 Schatz P, Neidzwski K, Moser RS, Karpf R. (2010), Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 25, 285-292.

Long-term test-retest reliability of baseline cognitive assessments Using ImPACT.
 Schatz P., (2009), American Journal of Sports Medicine, 38, 47-53.

Sex differences in neuropsychological function and post-concussion symptoms of concussed collegiate athletes.
 Covassin T, Schatz P. & Swanik CB, (2007), Neurosurgery, 61, 345-350.

Neuropsychological evaluation in the diagnosis and management of sports-related concussion.
Moser RS, Iverson GL, Echemendia RJ, Lovell MR, Schatz P, Webbe FM, Ruff RM, Barth JT; NAN Policy and Planning Committee, (2007). Arch Clin Neuropsychology, 22(8), 909-916.

Sensitivity and specificity of the ImPACT Test Battery for concussion in athletes.
 Schatz P, Pardini JE, Lovell MR, Collins MW, & Podell K. (2006), Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 21, 91-99.

Cross-validation of measures used for computer-based assessment of concussion.
 Schatz P, Putz BO (2006), Applied Neuropsychology, 13, 151-159.

The relationship between neurocognitive function and noncontact Anterior Cruciate Ligament injuries.
 Swanik CB, Covassin T, Stearne DJ, & Schatz P. (2007), American Journal of Sports Medicine, 35, 943-948.

Sex differences in baseline neuropsychological function and concussion symptoms of collegiate athletes.
 Covassin T, Swanik CB, Sachs M, Kendrick Z, Schatz P, Zillmer E, Kaminaris C. (2006), British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40, 923-927.

Prolonged effects of concussion in youth athletes.
 Moser RS, Schatz P. & Jordan, B. (2005), Neurosurgery, 57, 300-306.

Enduring effects of concussion in youth athletes.
 Moser RS, Schatz P. (2002), Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 91-100.

Current Issues in the Identification, Assessment, and Management of Concussions in Sports-Related Injuries.
 McKeever CC, Schatz P. (2003), Applied Neuropsychology, 10, 4-11.

Computer-Based Assessment of Sports-Related Concussion.
 Schatz P, Zillmer EA. (2003), Applied Neuropsychology, 10, 42-47.

NAN Presentations: (.PDF)
Knock Knock: Opening the Door to Youth Sports Concussion Services In Your Practice.
 Moser RS, Schatz P, Lovell M, Collins M. (2004).

Sports Concussion Update: Research Findings to Guide Clinical Practice.
 Broshek D, Barth J, Webbe F, Kaushik T, Schatz P. (2004).

NAN Posters:
Assessing Effort on Baseline Testing using WMT and ImPACT. (.PDF)
 Sucharski N & Schatz P. (2006).

History of Concussion and Baseline Test Performance for Collegiate Club Sport versus Varsity Athletes.
 Schatz P, Covassin T, McKeever C, Palumbo J, Zillmer E, Sachs M. (2003).

The evaluation of pre- and post- measures of emotional indices associated with sports-related concussion.
 Schneider J, McKeever C, Covassin T, Sachs M, Wait S, Clayborne J, Schatz P, Zillmer E. (2003).

Increased risk for concussion in female athletes.
 Hillary H, Mann C, Schatz P. (2002).

Determining a Schedule for Serial Post-concussion Assessments: The Philadelphia Sports Concussion Program.
 McKeever C, Covassin C, Schatz P, Zillmer E, Sachs M. (2002).

Use of Reliable Change Indices, correlation coefficients, and dependent-samples t-tests to document stability of computerized assessment measures over a one-year period.
 Schatz P, Putz B. (2002).

Enduring Effects of Previous Cerebral Concussion in College Freshman and Sophomores
 Schatz P, MacNamara K. (2001).