Readings.
Topic 
Book 
Pages 
Egyptian arithmetic 
MMC
CP 
7580
6176 
Babylonian arithmetic 
CP 
102108 
Vedic multiplication 
CP
handout 
243249 
Gelosia multiplication 
handout 

Book codes: AC=Africa Counts; MMC=Multicultural Math Classroom;
CP=Crest of the Peacock; UHN=Universal History of Numbers
Assignment #2. (final listdue
Monday, October 8th)

Write the numbers 3,005 and 59 in Egyptian hieroglyphics, then show how
the Egyptians would have computed

3,005 + 59

3,005  59
Leave your answers in hieroglyphics.

Compute the following using the Egyptian twocolumn method. You need
not use hieroglyphics.

69 x 123

312 / 12

Compute the following using base 60 arithmetic. Show your work.
Check your answers by converting to base 10.

21,45 + 3,0,55

30,0,0,5  1,20

Show how to multiply 238 x 457

using the gelosia method

using Vedic multiplication

Extra credit. Compute the following
using base 60 arithmetic. Show your work.

43,20 x 51,40

1,0,5 / 7
Sample Test Questions.
You may bring a 5x7 index card with any notes you wish on it.
The test will be about 30 minutes long.

Several questions will be similar to homework questions. In particular,
you should be able to

do addition and subtraction problems using Egyptian hieroglyphics.

do multiplication and division problems using the Egyptian twocolumn method.

do addition and subtraction problems in base 60.

use the gelosia method to multiply two numbers of any size.

use Vedic multiplication to multiply two or threedigit numbers.

There will be a few multiplechoice questions based on lectures and readings.
To help you focus, here are some key concepts we have discussed or will
discuss:

carrying

borrowing

decomposing a higherorder unit

the Distributive Law

FOIL and how it relates to the Distributive Law
You should be familiar with each concept and able to give an example for
each.
Web Resources.
Multicultural Mathematics
home page.
Images are from the MacTutor
History of Mathematics Archive (used by permission).
Rachel W.
Hall / Department of Math and Computer Science / St. Joseph's University
/ rhall@sju.edu